Project Contribution Summary: Project Completed

By Jerelle O’Brien

My chosen topic was food and water security and i focused on the impacts of the progressiveness of hurricanes by climate change over the past 20 years.

Over the years, climate change has been shown to cause many problems and heighten the effects of many disasters. It is almost impossible to produce a resilient world considering the fact that there are so many different disasters and problems brought on by the climate change effect. Food and water security is ensuring that all people despite their status have physical and economic access to these resources.

Hurricanes have become much worse and more frequent causing countries to constantly have to rebuild even when they were actually already in the process of rebuilding. My project gave a light to one aspect of the issue.

In doing this project, I was faced with the challenges of getting pictures related to the destruction of food and water security caused by the hurricanes.

On the other hand, I really enjoyed seeing my project come together the way it did through the use of the story map software. I highlighted some of the highest wreckage causing hurricanes in the caribbean over the last 20 years. I also brought about the conversation of Hurricane Katrina as it was a head turning Category 5 hurricane that to me, made climate change seem pretty real.

I pulled and used information from many online sources. Previous blog posts aided in the visual designing and outlining of how I wanted to approach my project.

Research and information on the hurricanes were not hard to find even though some sources were not the most credible. The Https:// influenced and helped my vision for this project immensely.

Create Caribbean gave me the opportunity to accomplish such an educational project for myself and others. I would have never thought of producing a project like that or even investing my time into the research necessary for this project to come to life.

Through digital humanities and the projects me and peers completed, awareness is spread on the sectors that climate change affects and influences in our lives and in turn our world can become a much better place.


By Jerelle O’Brien

As the end of this project is nearing, I am researching less content and producing more of it instead. In doing all these research and reading blog posts on climate change and the different topics that are focused on in digital humanities, I have taken a heightened interest in these areas and have become more self aware of cases around me where I can see needs improvement. I have also been lured to read posts on social media relating to these things and I never thought I would but this project encouraged me too.

Digital humanities, its projects and its principles combines the age and use of technology to educate and reach people on a wide scale involving matters that are affecting the world now and the future.

So far, I have created three different story maps in an effort to better understand what I want to accomplish for my project. I am still getting used to the software but I am making progress in putting in the information in order to have a complete, wholesome presentation. In my view that would include all things relevant to my topic shown in a way that is easy to comprehend for the benefit of viewers.

These projects and research is something that should be done out of moral obligation and not by force. In present day there are easy ways to get informed, so we must utilize that to stay on top of all things happening around us in order to not fail at life.


By Jerelle O’Brien

I have begun my work on my story map for my research topic. I am using the knight lab software so far which makes it easy to understand what you are doing. As of now, I am experimenting with the options presented to me so that I can gain more understanding of the process and what I want my map to look like.

Software’s such as knight lab aids in the development of projects to present information in a meaningful way and to promote quality journalism, storytelling and content.

With the use of story map, I can achieve the presentation of my idea and research to help,  guide and inform others. My goal is so that others can see, in one viewing, the progressiveness of the impacts of natural disasters on the Caribbean’s food and water security over the past 10 years. And that from this, a light can be sparked in the mind of every viewer so that they can realize the detrimental effects of climate change and will feel the need to do something. Suggestions needs to be made and aims to climate resiliency needs to be fully accomplished. Because, if something isn’t done to slow this down, there will not be a far future and the future to come, will not experience any of the benefits that we know today.

In my ethics class, we learnt about the principles for environmental protection and one of the key ones which can be applied is ‘Intergenerational equity’. This rule demands that each generation be awarded equal benefits and insists one generation may justly enjoy certain  benefits only if those advantages can be sustained for subsequent generations as well. This means that, unless we can reverse the action to prevent the impedance to an advantage or future generations’ experience of certain advantages are secure, then the action should not be done.

Hurricanes and the Caribbean

By Jerelle O’Brien

I was conducting research on hurricanes that has affected the Caribbean over the past 10 years and stumbled upon a site where I found an example similar to what i wanted to accomplish for my project. provides me with a visual example of what my project could look like. The map and software gives an opportunity to obtain information on any hurricane during any year on their database. My project doesn’t involve only the mapping of the hurricanes but, with it i would like to include the effects and severity of how each impacted the different islands and focus that on the food and water supply of the people.

See, disasters such as hurricanes affect the Caribbean the most as it is more vulnerable due to factors such as its location and climate.

A hurricane is a large rotating storm with high speed winds that forms over warm waters in tropical areas. Hurricanes form over the warm ocean water of the tropics. If there is enough warm water, the cycle will continue and the storm clouds and wind speeds will grow causing a hurricane to form. In light of this, my statement made based on the Caribbean being more susceptible to these disasters can be proven. Hurricanes are usually formed in areas that are in and around the equator and thrive in their oceans. The equator produces a humid, tropical climate where the environment is most suitable to these types of disasters. Warm oceans such as the Atlantic, are getting warmer because of global warming and the climate change effect. Because of this, the environment for hurricanes to grow and thrive is even more desirable causing the worsening of the strength of the hurricanes and the impacts on the different islands of the region.

Use of mapping

By Jerelle O’Brien

I’ve been attempting to write this blog for over four days now and I really can’t bring myself to find what to make it about, how to construct the format of this post and just how to write it.

So, I decided to relate my post to using digital humanist tools and technology to review and answer research questions. My topic involves the use of mapping- a digital humanities tool that compiles data that is collected and formats it into a virtual image. Mapping opens up the discussion on your topic to an audience that a basic research paper will never attract. Mapping doesn’t use just words but images that help with the understanding and interpretation of the message trying to be sent across.

See now, mapping out or use of a timeline on how disasters have worsened and its effects on different sectors in the caribbean countries such as food security over a period of time gives a more progressive view of the point rather than a typed out research paper where one must read through everything to get a complete understanding of what is being said.

Mapping also provides a direct source to the information someone may be looking for. For example, one may want research on the effects of natural disasters on food and water security to a specific country, during a specific year. This type of research answer and technique provides them with the ease of access to this information.

“Caribbean Nations Pay Steep Price for Climate Change Caused by Others”

By Jerelle O’Brien

“Caribbean Nations Pay Steep Price for Climate Change Caused by Others – Barbados.” ReliefWeb,

According to FAO, the Caribbean is on its way to achieving global hunger targets based on sustainable development goals. The percentage of undernourished people in the region has dropped from  23.3% to 16.5% between 2005 and 2017. Whilst this is a great achievement and the goal should be to continue on the path to decreasing this percentage, there is also a cause for concern as these figures are very vulnerable.

Climate change increases the difficulty of Caribbean countries to thrive in the production of food locally.

This is as a result of the constant lashings from hurricanes and harsh periods of dry weather which affects the agricultural areas in the country. Periods of dry weather stunts the growth of various crops, dries up rivers and affects the supply of these things to the people of the land.  

According to the FAO, 10-25% of crop yield may decline due to climate change. The results of low agricultural productivity and increased food prices are from extreme heat, droughts, floods, salt water encroachment and storms which stems from climate change.

Mapping the effects of natural disasters on food and water security in the Caribbean over the past 10 years. In light of this topic, the understanding of the concept of mapping needs to in full reach in order to complete the presentation of the research.

Finding information on the topic for the Caribbean countries before the devastating hurricanes in 2017 brings forth difficulty as most sources generalize information and speak majority on the economic effects.   

Tiny but mighty

By Jerelle O’Brien

Tiny but mighty

‘This Tiny Country Says It Can Beat Climate Change’

After the passage of Hurricane Maria in Dominica in September 2017, the prime minister pledges to make Dominica the first climate resilient country. In light of this, Dominica became a funded experiment; many people have donated funds in support of and to aid this cause.

In the prime minister’s interview for his plan, he basically explained where his intent was to compromise and how he intended to make the country climate resilient.

What is climate resilience?

Climate  resilience means strengthening the ability of human and non-human systems to withstand and respond to changes in the earth’s climate.

Can this really be achieved in this little island? Even with all the funding and engineering aid….

Considering the fact that with the effects of climate change and the growing threat of natural disasters, how is it possible to rebuild time and time again?

Eventually, people will feel hopelessness.

With the attempt to achieve a climate resilient nation, there should also be the highlights of the effects of climate change and the entire global population should be on board with achieving the sustainable development goals in order to ensure that everywhere can be climate resilient.

By this I mean that, the use of plastics, burning, use of non biodegradable materials should be banned worldwide…

Along with stopping the production.

What’s the use say we are building a resilient nation, yet the world is still crumbling around and what they are doing will continue to affect and have the biggest impact on the little countries who have the smallest contributions but are trying their hardest to beat climate change?

So far, a step in the right direction has been taken as of January 2019, where a ban was passed on the importation of plastics and non biodegradable Styrofoam into the country. In light of this, supermarkets, as well as restaurants have since stopped the use of these as it is in low abundance in the country. Climate change is real, it is relevant and action needs to be taken seriously not only as a country, but as a global collective.  

I believe with the proper planning, funding and support from the people in around the country, this tiny but might country can defeat climate change. The passage of that hurricane did not break so many, and our people can rebuild despite all the odds, by uniting our forces, we can achieve a climate resilient nation.

DH Review – The Road to Independence

By Jerelle O’Brien

The road to Independence.

This project was designed during Dominica’s history week 2015.

To understand this fully,vocabulary on the achievement and what it means needs to be available.

Independence- is a condition of nation in which the population exercise self-government

Sovereignty- the authority of a state to govern itself or another state

The project focuses on the historical events from 1950-1980. The site uses images, text-documents and other media sources for their information and interpretations to deliver the message of how and what was done by the people to achieve independence across Dominica.

The site attempts to reach, entertain and inform all people from different ages.

Before 1978, Dominica was under the colonialism of Great Britain. This means that Dominica was dependant and under the great power of Great Britain.

The site provides a digital library of archives and stories from the era being discussed focusing heavily on the topic. Dominica and it’s road to sovereignty played a great roll in Caribbean history. Different sectors of the site provide information via articles and documents.

The use of both primary and secondary sources werein used to put this project together. The primary sources are to include images, text-documents and newspaper clippings from the era being reviewed. The secondary resources involves the analysis of these multimedia sources. Sources can also be added as time goes on.

These projects give viewers an insight into the past and the work that was done to pave the way for our present lives.

As learnt from a previous digital humanities article, the reason for reviewing the past is to help understand the present and better prepare for the future.

The current social and political landscape is as a result of the decision to become independent from Great Britain. Different aspects such as local political parties, and the constitution came as a result of the decolonisation from Britain.

Religion, declarations and many activist such as Patrick Roland John, all played a role in the achievement of the fight for the country’s independence.

Calypso, a musical platform which is usually used to express the issues affecting the state of the people, originated from pre emancipation days was also used as a means to voice the problems that colonialism was bringing unto the country.

When this topic is always discussed I always wonder what would be different? Was it really the best decision to gain sovereignty at the time Dominica did?

Based on the timeline, a lot of progress was made after the movement to independence began but over a period of time, it is seen in my view that things became and have been on a standstill. But as history can sometimes prove, things can sometimes take a bit of time.

The site is a digital library, with its sections and easily accessible information. The organization of the different segments can help a person find what they are looking for without difficulties. Information and knowledge is a beautiful and important asset to have.

To capture visitors quicker, I believe more pictures and short films on the topics can be added to the home page.

This project collaboration between the Create Caribbean research institute and the Division of Culture in the Ministry of Youth, Culture, Sports and Constituency Empowerment was a great initiative and what makes it even better is the given opportunity to people where they can add their views and their findings to this digital library.

DH Review – The Musical Passage

Review 1

By Jerelle O’Brien

The  musical passage is a site where digital humanist express their interpretations on different aspects of their findings on the early history of one of the greatest cultural movements.

It is stated that the enslaved Africans and those that came after revolutionized music.

This project deals with the discovery and examination of the early African diasporic music during the time of slavery. Little is known about this because with time, information was lost, things were watered down and changed to suit other cultures. But in today’s music, by listening to some clips from this site, you can learn that some of the early styles still exist today.

The main question being reviewed in this project is how music and forms of art provided a safe environment or Haven for slaves. Music can help in So Many Ways to cope with a lot of stresses in life. The project is used to describe the musical findings and origination of styles we see present today.

Focus was heavily placed on Jamaican history, middle passage and evidence from the journals from Hans Sloane. The early African-diasporic music was a means by which the slaves transmitted their tradition into a sense of expression. Now that everything has evolved, this music has been watered down but the styles are still present in some genres of music especially in the  Caribbean. Examples of some instruments which were used and some musical pieces were part of Sloane’s journals used in this project.

Everyone has a different way of expressing or relieving stress. Some draw, some write, some play music some people even fight; for example boxing or martial arts.

Our work draws on the innovations of much rich digital scholarship on the Afro-Atlantic world, as well as projects on music and sonic culture.

This remark was made by the project writers about their work. My question is, how did they go about their findings and interpretations during this project. I mean, the site is well put together using evidence and background information revised in such a way to give viewers and readers great insight to the topic. The use of providing the music to listen to was also a great idea on how to capture the attention of the visitor. This site has a style that that causes the viewers to not only pay attention to text but also audio.

Digital humanities use their projects to examine history and relate it to present.

The present involves technology and developments and understandings of a world much beyond what we know.

These projects focus on the past and digitizes it making it easily accessible and easily maneuvered online on an electronic device. They gave people a means by which they can access this little information and other information related to the topic at their  fingertips.

The intersection between history, technology and collaborative learning and sharing is how this project and others like it can thrive.

The benefits of these projects are the knowledge gained and the skills applied. Learning from others and sharing your work can help another produce scholarly worthy projects that in turn can impact the world. The formatting of this site and project can be used to approach a project with an even more sensitive subject that people are blind toward.

Not that far

By Jerelle O’Brien

The children of men is a movie based in the future; not that far from now. The movie gives insight to a possible outcome of out world if we continue on the path we are on now.

Effects of climate change and the infertility of women, produce an unruly and chaotic environment across the world. The last place considered to be ‘civilised’ is England, and even there chaos tries to follow.

The world was meant to be a sacred, peaceful place but humankind has made it into something horrible. We take things for granted, plunder, destroy and in all totally disregard the environment in worship of our unnecessary wants.

There needs to be a global understanding of how to respectfully and responsibly use resources given and available to us. A sense of more appreciation also needs to be established among mankind.

We need to ask ourselves certain questions to provide clarity in ourselves to better the world.

Continuing this path of violence and abuse of power that the world is taking will only cause life as we know it to come to an end. What will our children have? What will they do? Will they even have children of their own? Is the knowledge and examples of all these horrible things even speaking to us? Are we even paying attention to what is happening to us?

All these are questions that should be used as guidelines. A lot of people really do not consider the consequences of their heinous actions and they should.